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All of these structures remain in use today and are now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It was declared a National Monument in 1918, but its federal protection had been underway since 1892 making it the first reserve for a prehistoric cultural site in the U.S. Contact the Park. Voicemail is available for many of the extensions. Local mines produce copper, silver, and gold. "Casa Grande" is Spanish for "big house" (Siwañ Wa'a Ki: in O'odham); these names refer to the largest structure on the site, which is what remains of a four-story structure that may have been abandoned by 1450. The resulting damage from souvenir hunting, graffiti and outright vandalism raised serious concerns about the preservation of the Casa Grande. Repair work began the following year, and in 1892, President Benjamin Harrison set aside one square mile of Arizona Territory surrounding the Casa Grande Ruins as the first prehistoric and cultural reserve established in the United States. Casa Grande Ruins. This house, with the later additions described in a December 7, 1921 letter to Mr. Mather, served as the only residence at Casa Grande National Monument until 1929. Inside, there are exhibits, bookstore, park orientation, and a twenty-two minute film. The General Land Office took over management of the ruins and hired a young man named, in 1901 to be the first on-site custodian. Some are cut by younger granitic rocks and flanked by tertiary lava flows. The main part of the visitor center building with adjacent parking lot and entrance road, and a new steel shelter roof over the Casa Grande, were completed in 1932. An Ancient Sonoran Desert People's farming community and "Great House" are preserved at Casa Grande Ruins. Between 1937 and 1940 the Civilian Conservation Corps built several adobe buildings to serve as housing and administrative offices for the national monument. Casa Grand Ruins National Monument is almost midway between Phoenix and Tucson, Arizona near Interestates 8 and 10. National Monument Arizona. Proclaimed Casa Grande Reservation by Executive Order 28-A of President Benjamin Harrison on June 22, 1892, Casa Grande Ruins became the first prehistoric and cultural reserve in the US. The mountain ranges around the monument are pre-Cambrian granites and schists. Continuing research, ruins repairs, interpretive programs, and visitor center remodeling are all part of the continuing effort to provide the best visitor experience possible, and to fulfill the National Park Service's mission to protect, preserve and make available for present and future generations the many wonders of Casa Grande Ruins National Monument. For Casa Grande, Arizona, see, U.S. National Register of Historic Places, "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2013", "History of the Gila River Water Settlement Act of 2004, Chapter 1: Roots", "An American Pompeii Unearthed in Arizona", "Pre-History Meets Modernity: Casa Grande Ruins National Monument", "Air and Ground Assaults Threaten Arizona Ruins", Casa Grande (Ruins), Coolidge, Pinal County, AZ, The Repair Of Casa Grande Ruin, Arizona, in 1891, by Cosmos Mindeleff, Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail, Phoenix Mountains Park and Recreation Area, List of National Natural Landmarks in Arizona, List of National Historic Landmarks in Arizona, National Register of Historic Places listings in Arizona, President Lincoln's Cottage at the Soldiers' Home, History of the National Register of Historic Places, National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Casa_Grande_Ruins_National_Monument&oldid=992296309, Buildings and structures completed in the 13th century, National Park Service National Monuments in Arizona, Archaeological sites on the National Register of Historic Places in Arizona, Historic American Buildings Survey in Arizona, National Register of Historic Places in Pinal County, Arizona, Ancient Puebloan archaeological sites in Arizona, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Articles containing O'odham-language text, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 15:23. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument. Explore the mystery and complexity of an extended network of communities and irrigation canals. In 1903 a shelter roof of corrugated iron supported by redwood timbers was built over the Casa Grande, and between 1906 and 1908 major excavations and repairs of the ruins were conducted under the direction of. of the Southwestern Monuments in 1934. It was then re-designated a national monument by President Woodrow Wilson on August 3, 1918. More became known about the ruins with the later visits of Lt. Col. Juan Bautista de Anza's expedition in 1775 and Brig. Keep on reading below to find out how you can become a Junior Ranger. See more ideas about casa grande ruins, national monuments, monument. The main part of the visitor center building with adjacent parking lot and entrance road, and a new steel shelter roof over the Casa Grande, were completed in 1932. As a result, several influential Bostonians urged Massachusetts Senator George F. Hoar to present a petition before the U. S. Senate in 1889 requesting that the government take steps to repair and protect the ruins. Established in 1892, the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, in Coolidge, Arizona, was the first prehistoric and cultural preserve established in the United States. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument (O'odham: Siwañ Waʼa Ki: or Sivan Vahki ), in Coolidge, Arizona, just northeast of the city of Casa Grande, preserves a group of Hohokam structures dating to the Classic Period (1150-1450 C.E. Several important construction projects were undertaken during the 1930's. Casa Grande Ruins was then re-designated a national monument by President Woodrow Wilson on August 3, 1918. Callers may dial zero for the phone attendant. The east side of the Casa Grande ca. Activities for Kids. Voicemail is available for many of the extensions. Anthropologist and historian Adolph Bandelier visited the Casa Grande ruins in 1883-1884 and reported on its condition and probable significance. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Arizona, protects a large ancient ruin (the so-called “big house”) of the native Hohokam people in southern Arizona. Gen. Stephen Watts Kearny's military detachment in 1846. The General Land Office took over management of the ruins and hired a young man named Frank Pinkley in 1901 to be the first on-site custodian. They took evidence that archeologists might have used to learn about the Hohokam. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument Shortly after in 1932, the park service constructed the canopy in efforts to further protect the walls and floors from the elements. Frank Pinkley stayed on as custodian and eventually became the superintendent of all southwest monuments. The Hemenway Southwestern Archaeological Expedition of 1887-1888, sponsored by Massachusetts philanthropist Mary Hemenway and led by anthropologist Frank H. Cushing, produced further information on the deterioration of the Casa Grande. Noticeable horizontal cracks define the breaks between courses on the thick outer walls. "Casa Grande" is Spanish for "big house". In 1910 Frank Pinkley built, with his own funds, a two-room adobe house in the southeast corner of Compound A; he did the carpentry work, and Pimas made and laid the adobes. Archaeologists believe that ancient Sonoran … Most of the lower walls visible today were uncovered at that time. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Arizona: A Centennial History of the First Prehistoric Reserve, 1892-1992, by A. Berle Clemensen (illustrated HTML at National Park Service) Items below (if any) are from related and broader terms. , produced further information on the deterioration of the Casa Grande. An Ancient Sonoran Desert People's farming community and "Great House" are preserved at Casa Grande Ruins. Some of our park visitors have discovered that the desert can be a great birding hotspot. Because of careful conservation, the physical appearance of Casa Grande Ruins has hardly changed since the 1940s. In Casa Grande Ruins National Monument. Voicemail is available for many of the extensions. Most of the lower walls visible today were uncovered at that time. constructed a number of adobe buildings to support park operations. The adobe buildings, constructed using traditional methods, continue in use today and are now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. visited the Casa Grande ruins in 1883-1884 and reported on its condition and probable significance. This page is a work-in-progress just as the studies and listings of animals at Casa Grande Ruins National Monument continues as a work-in-progress. Want to help us take care of it? President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed Casa Grande Ruins to be a National Monument on August 3, 1918 and management of the Ruins was transferred to the National Park Service. Info; Alerts; Maps; Calendar; ... 1100 W. Ruins Drive Coolidge, AZ 85128 . Summer daytime temperatures may exceed 100 degrees. Authorized as Casa Grande Ruins Reservation in 1889 and proclaimed as such in 1892, the site was designated a national monument in 1918. It is an interesting place to visit and learn some of the history of the ancient Hohokain era farming village. Callers may dial zero for the phone attendant. The Friends of Casa Grande Ruins is a nonprofit, citizen-based organization, which was formed to support Casa Grande Ruins National Monument and assist in the preservation, protection, interpretation, and enjoyment of the Monument for present and future generations. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: Interesting facts about the Ancentral People of the Sonoran Desert - See 482 traveler reviews, 478 candid photos, and … Frank Pinkley stayed on as custodian and eventually became the superintendent of all southwest monuments. Archeologists call a site where there are earthen buildings, red on buff pottery, and extensive canals "Hohokam" but this is not the name of a tribe or a people. Read More; In Casa Grande …14th century by the indigenous Salado people. NPS: Arizona: August 3, 1918: 472.5 acres (1.9 km 2) 62,995 This monument preserves a group of structures surrounded by a compound wall in the Gila Valley that were built in the early 13th century. During the 1860's through the 1880's more people began to visit the ruins with the arrival of a railroad line twenty miles to the west and a connecting stagecoach route that ran right by the Casa Grande. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument Casa Grande Visitor Center - Built in 1932, but not finished until 1956, the Visitor Center building itself is a modern treat for the adobe fan. The outer rooms are all three stories high, while the inner structure is four stories high. Climate. Father Eusebio Kino was the first European to view the Hohokam complex in November 1694 and named it Casa Grande. The monument has a museum in its visitor centre that displays local artifacts. For over a thousand years, prehistoric farmers inhabited much of the present-day state of Arizona. General park contact number includes a phone tree for finding the employee you wish to contact. This is an artist's depiction of the Casa Grande ("Great House") and its surrounding compound as it may have appeared around 1350 C.E. Casa Grande, city, Pinal county, south-central Arizona, U.S. It lies near the Santa Cruz River, 16 miles (26 km) southwest of Casa Grande Ruins National Monument. Last updated: October 6, 2020. One of the largest prehistoric structures ever built in North America, its purpose remains a mystery. … Casa Grande Ruins National Monument contains an imposing 4-storey building dating from the late Hohokam period, probably 14th century and contemporary with other well preserved ruins in Arizona such as the Tonto and Montezuma Castle monuments. It is named after the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, which is actually located in Coolidge. Winter temperatures range from the 60s to the 80s. of the Bureau of Ethnology. The Hemenway Southwestern Archaeological Expedition of 1887-1888, sponsored by Massachusetts philanthropist. Casa Grande Has Been Around Since About 1350 C.E. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: Wonderful history lesson - See 482 traveler reviews, 478 candid photos, and great deals for Coolidge, AZ, at Tripadvisor. To protect its integrity, observation by visitors is only permitted outside the structure. [7] The process consisted of using damp adobe to form the walls and then waiting for it to dry, and then building it up with more adobe. Learn more about the history and culture at Casa Grande Ruins National Monument using our website. As with all historical areas administered by the National Park Service, Casa Grande was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. Subsequent articles written about the Casa Grande increased public interest. The structure is made of caliche, and has managed to survive the extreme weather conditions for about seven centuries. Virtually Experience Casa Grande Ruins Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, pre-Columbian ruins in south-central Arizona, U.S., in the Gila River valley immediately north of Coolidge. The Casa Grande was abandoned around 1450 C.E. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument (O'odham: Siwañ Waʼa Ki: or Sivan Vahki[5]), in Coolidge, Arizona, just northeast of the city of Casa Grande, preserves a group of Hohokam structures dating to the Classic Period (1150-1450 C.E.). In 1903 a shelter roof of corrugated iron supported by redwood timbers was built over the Casa Grande, and between 1906 and 1908 major excavations and repairs of the ruins were conducted under the direction of Jesse Fewkes of the Bureau of Ethnology. Due to the fragile nature of the "Great House," visitors to the site are not permitted inside. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: Casa Grande Ruins NM - See 483 traveler reviews, 478 candid photos, and great deals for Coolidge, AZ, at Tripadvisor. General park contact number includes a phone tree for finding the employee you wish to contact. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument lies within the basin and range area of southern Arizona which is a part of the Sonoran Desert. Built by Salado Indians, a Pueblo people, in the early 14th century, it is the only pre-Columbian building of its type in existence. Phone: (520) 723-3172 General park contact number includes a phone tree for finding the employee you wish to contact. Archeologists have discovered evidence that the ancestral Sonoran Desert people who built the Casa Grande also developed wide-scale irrigation farming and extensive trade connections which lasted over a thousand years until about 1450 C.E. President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed Casa Grande Ruins to be a National Monument on August 3, 1918 and management of the Ruins was transferred to the National Park Service. Between 1937 and 1940, the Civilian Conservation Corps constructed a number of adobe buildings to support park operations. In his description of the large ancient structure before him, he wrote the words "casa grande" (or "great house") which are still used today. Sometimes, archeologists studying the same artifacts and features may form different conclusions. . Casa Grande Ruins National Monument has many stories to learn and places to explore, both in the park and online. Whether the Casa Grande was a gathering place for the Desert People or simply a waypoint marker in an extensive system of canals and trading partners is but part of the mystique of the Ruins. Restaurants near Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: (0.85 mi) Casa Palomino Mexican Restaurant (0.70 mi) Sonic Drive-In (0.76 mi) Starbucks (1.36 mi) Tag's Cafe (0.91 mi) McDonald's; View all restaurants near Casa Grande Ruins National Monument on Tripadvisor $ The current protective structure covering the "Great House" replaced a wooden similar structure built to protect it in 1903 In 1891, the monument underwent repairs supervised by Cosmos Mindeleff of the Bureau of American Ethnology, until funds ran out. Your mission, should you choose to accept, is to explore, learn, and protect, and to have fun while doing it. As a result, several influential Bostonians urged Massachusetts Senator George F. Hoar to present a petition before the U. S. Senate in 1889 requesting that the government take steps to repair and protect the ruins. Frank Pinkley stayed on as custodian and eventually became the superintendent of all southwest monuments. Dec 24, 2015 - Explore the mystery and complexity of an extended network of communities and irrigation canals. Pothunters and souvenir seekers passed near the Casa Grande before it was a protected National Monument. The wet adobe is thicker at the base and adds significant strength. 1900, This article is about Casa Grande Ruins National Monument. Casa Grande Ruins, the nation's first archeological preserve, protects the Casa Grande and other archeological sites within its boundaries. The city is a health resort in an irrigated agricultural area where cotton, fruit, and alfalfa are raised. ). "Archeologists have discovered evidence that the ancient Sonoran Desert people who built the Casa Grande also developed wide-scale irrigation farming and extensive trade connections which lasted over a thousand years until about 1450 C.E."[6]. [8] Graffiti from 19th-century passers-by is scratched into its walls; though this is now illegal. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: Frank ("Boss") Pinkley, Supt. As a result, the general physical appearance of Casa Grande Ruins has changed very little since the 1940's. ... Park Fun. The large house consists of outer rooms surrounding an inner structure. The national monument consists of the ruins of multiple structures surrounded by a compound wall constructed by the ancient people of the Hohokam period, who farmed the Gila Valley in the early 13th century. Casa Grande Ruins. Explore and learn about Casa Grande Ruins online through our Fun Facts pages. Become a Junior Ranger! Callers may dial zero for the phone attendant. Part of his promotion effort was to produce a wide range of literature about Casa Grande Ruins and to host the annual Arizona Pageant from 1926 to 1930. Several important construction projects were undertaken during the 1930's. Casa Grande now has a distinctive modern roof covering built in 1932. Part of his promotion effort was to produce a wide range of literature about Casa Grande Ruins and to host the annual Arizona Pageant from 1926 to 1930. The nearly level Between 1937 and 1940, the. An Ancestral Sonoran Desert People's farming community and "Great House" are preserved at Casa Grande Ruins. President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed Casa Grande Ruins to be a National Monument on August 3, 1918 and management of the Ruins was transferred to the National Park Service. (520) 723-3172 This is desert country. Casa Grande contained a ball court much like that found at Pueblo Grande de Nevada. Downloadable activities for kids to complete at home. All of these structures remain in use today and are now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Casa Grande (O'odham: Wainom Wo:g) is a city in Pinal County, approximately halfway between Phoenix and Tucson in the U.S. state of Arizona.According to U.S. Census estimates, the population of the city is 58,632 as of 2019. It has an area of 0.7 square mile (1.8 square km). The structures were constructed using traditional adobe processes. Years of misunderstanding have confused the ancestors of the O'Odham, Hopi, and Zuni people with the name Hohokam, which is not a word in any of their languages nor the name of a separate people. Repair work began the following year, and in 1892, President Benjamin Harrison set aside one square mile of Arizona Territory surrounding the Casa Grande Ruins as the first prehistoric and cultural reserve established in the United States. Since the ancestral Sonoran Desert people who built it left no written language behind, written historic accounts of the Casa Grande begin with the journal entries of Padre Eusebio Francisco Kino when he visited the ruins in 1694. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: Fantastic Tour - See 483 traveler reviews, 478 candid photos, and great deals for Coolidge, AZ, at Tripadvisor. [6], In 1932, a ramada to shelter the ruins from weathering was built by Boston architect Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr.[9] In the early 21st century, a pair of great horned owls took up residence in the rafters of the Olmsted shelter.[10]. Spring and fall are warm and dry, with highs in the 80's and 90's. 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